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BPSC Full Form: Bihar Public Service Commission Explained


The Bihar Public Service Commission (BPSC) is a constitutional body responsible for conducting recruitment examinations and selecting eligible candidates for various civil services in the state of Bihar, India. Established under the Constitution of India, the BPSC plays a crucial role in ensuring a transparent and merit-based recruitment process for various government positions.

History of BPSC

The history of the Bihar Public Service Commission dates back to 1st April 1949. The commission was formed under the Government of India Act, 1935 and is headquartered in Patna, the capital city of Bihar. Over the years, the BPSC has evolved as a key regulatory body for overseeing the recruitment process for group A and group B civil services in the state.

Functions of BPSC

  1. Conducting Examinations: One of the primary functions of the BPSC is to conduct competitive examinations for recruitment to various civil services in Bihar. These examinations are designed to assess the candidates’ knowledge, skills, and abilities for different positions.

  2. Recruitment Process: The commission is responsible for initiating and finalizing the recruitment process for different posts in government departments, organizations, and agencies. This includes releasing recruitment notifications, conducting examinations, and selecting candidates based on merit.

  3. Advising the Government: The BPSC advises the state government on various matters related to recruitment, promotion, and disciplinary actions concerning civil servants. The commission plays a consultative role in ensuring a fair and transparent system of governance.

  4. Rule-making: Another important function of the Bihar Public Service Commission is to recommend rules and regulations related to recruitment, service conditions, and other aspects of civil services. These rules are aimed at bringing efficiency and accountability in the administrative setup.

Recruitment through BPSC

The Bihar Public Service Commission conducts recruitment for a wide range of civil services positions, including:

  1. Bihar Administrative Services (BAS)
  2. Bihar Police Services (BPS)
  3. Bihar Financial Services (BFS)
  4. Bihar Revenue Services (BRS)
  5. Bihar Education Services (BES)
  6. Bihar Health Services (BHS)

Candidates aspiring to join the civil services in Bihar need to appear for the BPSC examinations and qualify as per the prescribed criteria. The selection process includes preliminary examinations, main examinations, and personal interviews.

How to Prepare for BPSC Exams

Preparing for BPSC examinations requires a strategic approach and thorough understanding of the exam pattern, syllabus, and marking scheme. Here are some key tips to help you prepare effectively:

  1. Understand the Syllabus: The first step in preparing for BPSC exams is to familiarize yourself with the syllabus. Understand the topics and subjects covered in the examination to create a study plan.

  2. Refer to Standard Books: Prepare from standard books recommended for BPSC examinations. Focus on core concepts and practice a wide range of questions to build proficiency.

  3. Practice Previous Year Papers: Solving previous year papers can give you insights into the exam pattern, types of questions asked, and time management skills. Practice regularly to improve your speed and accuracy.

  4. Stay Updated: Keep yourself updated with current affairs, events, and developments at the state, national, and international levels. General awareness is a key component of the BPSC exams.

  5. Mock Tests: Take online mock tests to assess your preparation level and identify areas of improvement. Mock tests help in simulating the actual exam environment and boost your confidence.

  6. Revision: Ensure regular revision of topics to retain information and concepts. Revision plays a crucial role in reinforcing your learning and improving retention.

  7. Time Management: Develop a study schedule and allocate time for each subject based on your strengths and weaknesses. Effective time management is essential for covering the entire syllabus.

By following these tips and maintaining a consistent study routine, you can enhance your preparation for BPSC exams and increase your chances of success.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

  1. What is the eligibility criteria for BPSC exams?
  2. Candidates must hold a bachelor’s degree from a recognized university to be eligible for BPSC exams. Additional criteria may apply based on the specific exam.

  3. How can I apply for BPSC exams?

  4. Candidates can apply for BPSC exams through the official website of the commission. The application process typically involves filling out an online form and paying the required fee.

  5. What is the selection process for BPSC exams?

  6. The selection process for BPSC exams includes preliminary examinations, main examinations, and a personal interview. Candidates need to qualify in each stage to be selected for the respective positions.

  7. Is there an age limit for appearing in BPSC exams?

  8. Yes, there is a minimum and maximum age limit for candidates appearing in BPSC exams. The age criteria may vary depending on the category of the candidate.

  9. How can I prepare for the BPSC interview round?

  10. To prepare for the BPSC interview round, candidates should focus on current affairs, general knowledge, communication skills, and personality development. Practice mock interviews to build confidence.

  11. Are there coaching institutes that provide guidance for BPSC exams?

  12. Yes, there are several coaching institutes that offer guidance and coaching for BPSC exams. Candidates can enroll in these institutes for structured preparation and expert guidance.

  13. What is the frequency of BPSC exams?

  14. The Bihar Public Service Commission conducts BPSC exams periodically based on the availability of vacancies and the recruitment needs of government departments.

  15. Can candidates from other states apply for BPSC exams?

  16. In general, BPSC exams are conducted for candidates who are residents of Bihar or fulfill the domicile criteria specified by the commission. Non-residents may have to meet certain eligibility conditions.

  17. Is there negative marking in BPSC exams?

  18. Yes, BPSC exams may have a negative marking scheme where marks are deducted for incorrect answers. Candidates are advised to answer questions carefully to avoid negative marking.

  19. How can I stay updated with BPSC exam notifications and announcements?

    • Candidates can regularly visit the official website of the Bihar Public Service Commission to check for exam notifications, announcements, and updates. It is important to stay informed about important dates and events related to BPSC exams.


The Bihar Public Service Commission plays a vital role in the recruitment and selection process for civil services positions in Bihar. Aspiring candidates should prepare diligently for BPSC exams by understanding the exam pattern, syllabus, and key strategies for success. By following a structured study plan, practicing regularly, and staying updated with current affairs, candidates can increase their chances of qualifying in BPSC examinations and securing prestigious government positions.

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